Vegetable

Cottonseed oil Description

Cottonseed oil

Cottonseed oil is a cooking oil extracted from the seeds of cotton plant of various species, mainly Gossypium hirsutum and Gossypium herbaceum. All cotton that is grown is used to produce cotton fiber, animal feed, and oil. In 2011 cotton was the third biggest of the genetically modified crops grown worldwide, as measured by acreage: soybean was 47%, occupying 75.4 million hectares; biotech maize (51.00 million hectares at 32%), biotech cotton (24.7 million hectares at 15%) and biotech canola (8.2 million hectares at 5%)

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Hojiblanca Description

Hojiblanca

Hojiblanca

Hojiblanca (literally translated, "white leaf" in Spanish) is a type of olive used for the production of olive oil. It represents 16% of the olive production in Andalucia and is grown mainly in the Spanish provinces of Seville, Cordoba and northern Málaga. It is collected late in the season (March-April), which leads to a lower production rate. It is also harder to pick as it rarely falls from the trees on its own.

However the vegetable flavours, smoothness, aftertaste and its lower level of saturated fat make this a much prized variety.

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Crambe oil Description

Crambe oil

Crambe oil

Crambe oil is an inedible seed oil, extracted from the seeds of the Crambe abyssinica, a multibranched annual plant that is native to the Mediterranean.

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Pequi oil Description

Pequi oil

Pequi oil is a seed oil, extracted from the seeds of the Caryocar brasiliense, which is native to Brazil. The pale yellow mesocarp oil is extracted and used directly as a cooking oil. In Brazil, there are projects among indigenous people groups to develop pequi oil production as a means of economic development.

Pequi oil contains 44.2% palmitic and 51.7% oleic acid, with linolenic and stearic acids in much smaller amounts.

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Perilla oil Description

Perilla oil

Perilla oil is obtained from the seeds of herbs of the genus Perilla, usually from the species Perilla frutescens. The seeds contain 35 to 45 percent oil which is obtained by pressing. Perilla oil is used along with synthetic resins in the production of varnishes. Perilla oil dries faster than linseed oil and on drying forms a film that is harder and yellows more than that formed by linseed oil. The paint and varnish industry accounts for the largest usage.

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Croton oil Description

Croton oil

Croton oil

Croton oil (Crotonis Oleum) is an oil prepared from the seeds of Croton tiglium, a tree belonging to the natural order Euphorbiales and family Euphorbiaceae, and native or cultivated in India and the Malay Archipelago. Small doses taken internally cause diarrhea. Externally, the oil can cause irritation and swelling. In traditional Chinese medicine it is used as an ingredient in some liniments.

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Blackcurrant seed oil Description

Blackcurrant seed oil

Blackcurrant seed oil is derived from the seeds of Ribes nigrum (black currant, or European currant). It contains an unusually high amount of: omega-6 (15–20 percent) as well as a high amount of omega-3 fatty acids (12–14 percent). It also contains linoleic acid as well as 2–4 percent stearidonic acid. There are some indications that black currant seed oil is anti-inflammatory and cardioprotective.In European folk medicine, black currant once had a considerable reputation for controlling diarrhea, promoting urine output (as a diuretic) and reducing arthritic and rheumatic pains.

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Cuphea oil Description

Cuphea oil

Cuphea oil

Cuphea oil is oil pressed from the seeds of several species of the genus Cuphea. Interest in cuphea oils is relatively recent, as a source of medium-chain triglycerides like those found in coconut oil and palm oil. Cuphea oil is of interest because it grows in climates where palms - the source of both of these oils - do not grow.

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Carrot seed oil Description

Carrot seed oil

Carrot seed oil

Carrot seed oil is the essential oil extract of the seed from the carrot plant daucus carota. The oil has a woody, earthy sweet smell and is yellow or amber-coloured to pale orange-brown in appearance. The pharmocologically active constituents of carrot seed extract are three flavones: luteolin, luteolin 3'-o-beta-d-glucopyranoside, and luteolin 4'-o-beta-d-glucopyranoside. Rather than the extract the distilled (ethereal) oil is used in perfumery and food aromatization.

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Honge oil Description

Honge oil

Honge oil

Honge oil is derived from the seeds of the Millettia pinnata tree, which is native to tropical and temperate Asia. Millettia pinnata, also known as Pongamia glabra, is common throughout Asia and thus has many different names in different languages, many of which have come to be used in English to describe the seed oil derived from M. pinnata; Honge is the Kannada word for this tree. Other names for this oil include Karanja oil (from Hindi), Pungai oil (from Tamil) and Pongamia oil (from the genus as described by Étienne Pierre Ventenat).

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